Très Riches Heures of the Duke of Berry, Bourges, before 1416

Chantilly, Musée Condé, ms. 65, f. 64v

This miniature is unique in the history of art. With its awe-inspiring grandeur and the unusual oval form before which God appears with blue cherubim and red seraphim at his feet, as well as the reminder of the initial “V” for victoria, this miniature is part of a book-painting tradition, which like some of the other leafs in this collection, draws on the evocative power of the letter.

Finished shortly before the pest of 1416 by the Limbourgs in Bourges, the miniature goes back to a magnificent little painting from Siena, today kept in the Louvre in Paris, which also depicts the rebel angels.