Godescalc Evangelistar Court School of Charlemagne, 781/3

Paris, Bibliothèque nationale, Nouv. acq. lat. 1203, fol. 4v

The creation of this manuscript opened a completely new chapter in art history, an era which was first coined under the reign of Charlemagne (768-814) and therefore was to bear his name. By reviving antique forms and ideas Carolingian art was to make a significant contribution to the development of Western culture for centuries to come. This new artistic endeavour, generally termed the ‘Carolingian Renaissance’, manifested itself most clearly in book-painting in the works of the ‘Court-School’ based in the Palace Workshop which Charlemagne founded at Aachen.