The Golden Haggadah, Northern Spain, Early 14th century

London, The British Library, Add. Ms. 27201, fol. XI

The Haggadah, the book designed for the Jewish service on the eve of the Easter Feast of the Passover, serves as a reminder of the Exodus of the Israelites from Egypt as well as their mission: the spread of monotheistic doctrine.

Among the most important themes of the Haggadah illustration is the story of Moses. The scenes in this miniature are part of it. They show the Israelites as slaves in Egypt and also the signs and miracles with Moses and Aaron performed, at God’s command, in front of Pharaoh when he refused to let the Israelites leave his land.